|Test of Discrimination|
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Discrimination in employment is illegal when someone is treated less favourably because of one or more protected characteristics.
1.1 It is illegal to discriminate against anyone on grounds of race, colour, nationality or ethnic origins or on grounds of their religion or philosophical beliefs.
1.2 It is illegal to discriminate against anyone on grounds of their sex (including gender re-assignment) or marital status (including civil partnerships), or on grounds of their actual or perceived sexual orientation.
1.3 It is illegal to discriminate without justification against anyone on the grounds of disability.
1.4 It is illegal to discriminate against anyone on the grounds of their age.
1.5 It is illegal to discriminate against fixed-term or part-time workers.
1.6 It is illegal to discriminate against someone on the grounds of their membership or non-membership of a trade union.
1.7 Under the Equality Act 2010, positive discrimination is still illegal, but employers can use positive action during the recruitment process. For example, if two candidates are equally competent but one of them has a protected characteristic that is under-represented in that workplace, you are allowed to use that reason for selecting them rather than the other candidate.