|Employer Handbook for Statutory Sick Pay|
|Forms you may need to use|
|Flowchart - operating the SSP Scheme|
|Terms used in this guide|
|SSP daily rates tables|
|Frequently Asked Questions|
|New from 6 April 2010|
|Time limits for notification of SSP|
|Has your employee given you the right medical evidence?|
|Periods of Incapacity for Work (PIW)|
|Employer Handbook for Statutory Sick Pay|
|How to work out the relevant period|
|When does payment stop?|
|Exceptions to normal conditions for SSP|
|Are you liable to pay employer's Class 1 NICs on your employee’s earnings?|
|How to work out Average Weekly Earnings (AWE)|
|Your employee disagrees with your decision on their SSP entitlement|
|Incapacity and deemed incapacity|
|Managing sick absence|
|Other information that may be useful|
|Control periods, common illnesses and abbreviations|
|Tables for linking Periods of Incapacity for Work for SSP|
|Further help and guidance|
You may be able to recover some, or all, of the SSP you have paid. The PTS is designed to help employers who have a high proportion of their workforce sick at any onetime so it is not restricted to small businesses.
Unless you qualify under the PTS, you are not entitled to recover any SSP
You can recover some of the SSP paid to your employees if the total amount of SSP paid in a tax month is greater than a set percentage of your gross Class 1 NICs (employer's and employee's) liability for that tax month. The amount you can recover is the SSP you have paid over and above the set percentage threshold of your NICs liability. The percentage threshold is currently set at 13%. To find out if you qualify for recovery of any SSP paid see the paragraph headed 'Working out how much you can get back' in the quick check box below.
If you have more than one PAYE scheme, for the same business, you must add together the NICs liability and the SSP payments for all related schemes for the same business before calculating whether you are entitled to reimbursement for that month under PTS. For SSP purposes it is your total NICs liability for that business, and not the amount paid under a particular PAYE scheme which determines whether or not you are entitled to recover SSP.
If you are entitled to recover SSP under the PTS, you can recover SSP by using the money you have to pay over to HMRC for:
You may also need to use this money to pay other statutory payments, so you may not have enough money to get back all you are due in the tax month. If not, you can use the money due next tax month to get back any balance owing.
If you are entitled to make a recovery under the PTS and you need to get the SSP you have paid to your employees back quickly, or, in exceptional circumstances, you do not have the funds to pay SSP to your employees which you would have been able to recover, you can apply to your Accounts Office for payment. You can do this where, for example, the amount of money you need to pay out exceeds the amount you will have available for the same tax month or quarter.
You can ask your HMRC Accounts Office to pay you the balance of the amount you are entitled to.
You can now apply online at www.hmrc.gov.uk/payee/employees/statutory-pay/funding.htm select the option to recover SSP.
The way that you apply for advance funding depends on whether the statutory payment is relevant to the current tax year or a previous tax year.
You can apply online at www.hmrc.gov.uk/payee/employees/statutory-pay/funding.htm
You should tell them the information set out in the quick check box below and ask for advance funding.
If the SSP is relevant to a previous tax year you cannot apply online, you must write to your HMRC Accounts Office.You should tell them the information set out in the quick check box below and ask for advance funding. You should record the payments of SSP as normal, see Recording payments of SSP.
Whether or not you pay your tax and NICs monthly or quarterly, you must work out any recovery separately for each tax month.
You need to bear in mind that the period for calculating the recovery of SSP runs from the 6th of the month to the 5th of the next month which means that the monthly NICs and SSP totals recorded on the P11 and P32 may not be the same as the monthly totals needed for calculating the recovery of SSP under the PTS.
In order to ensure you recover correctly, you can use the SSP calculator on the HMRC website at www.hmrc.gov.uk/calcs/ssp.htm
Deduct the amount you can recover from money due to HMRC for that tax month. If the amount you can recover is more than your monthly or quarterly payment due,carry the balance over to when your next payment is due and recover it then.
|Total Class 1 NICs due for tax month||£75.00|
|13% of that is||£9.75|
|Total SSP paid in tax month||£160.00|
|Amount you are claiming||£150.25|
If, after deducting your statutory payment(s) from your current or next PAYE payment to HMRC you do not have payment to make to HMRC, you must advise HMRC. If you do not, you may receive reminders or phone calls.
There are several ways to advise HMRC that you do not have a payment to make.
If you believe no payments will be due for several months please contact HMRC on 0845 366 7816.
If you make an incorrect payment in the current year,you must:
If you have issued form SSP1, contact the Jobcentre Plus Local Benefit Delivery Service or, in Northern Ireland, the Jobs and Benefits Office, as it may affect your employee’s right to claim Social Security benefit.
Remember an incorrect payment in one period of sickness may affect a later one.
If you find you have made a mistake in an earlier tax year, you must contact your nearest HMRC office. They will tell you what to do to correct it.
See CWG2(2010) Employer Further Guide to PAYE and NICs (PDF) for information on how to correct errors in recording NICs.
Any incorrect payment of SSP may be recovered from your employee and you should treat this as you would an underpayment/overpayment of wages or salary. It should be recorded as wages or salary not SSP.
If you need to recover SSP that you have paid in a previous tax year, you cannot claim this from your accounts Office.
You should complete form SP32 to get the money back.You can print these forms from the Employer CD-ROM or go to www.hmrc.gov.uk/employers/emp-form.htm
They can also be obtained from your nearest HMRC office or from the Employer Orderline on 08457 646 646.
Send the completed form SP32 to:
HM Revenue & Customs
National Insurance Contributions Office
Refunds Group Contributor Group
Benton Park View
Newcastle Upon Tyne
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